Higher Education Institutions…
Ukraine’s Ministry of Education mainly dictates the requirements for admission.
ACADEMIES, PEDAGOGICAL INSTITUTES, POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTES, SPECIALISED INSTITUTES AND UNIVERSITIES…
Both Ukrainian and foreign students can study in a post secondary educational institution no matter what kind of secondary educational training they have gone through. Male and female applicants will be accommodated if they pass the following:
Completion of completed secondary education
Ukrainian students under full-time study must not be 35 years old or older. However, evening or part-time study has no age restriction.
Passing grade from a competitive entrance test prepared by a higher education institution; this is only applicable for Ukrainian students
Both entrance test scores and secondary school records are considered during the process of admission. Until 1991, citizens who came from Ukrainian origin can take the higher education for free. Numerous educational institutions modified such rule starting in 1991; Ukrainians have begun spending on their education. Majority of the students obtains monetary assistance from their respective educational institutions in the form of stipends. However, such assistance is inadequate for completely handling the students’ living expenditures.
The country had standardised educational programmes when it was still a part of the Soviet Union. The programmes in higher education institutions typically lasted for five years. Medical and engineering institutes did not follow the general duration. A student under a medical institute must complete a six-year programme. On the other hand, Polytechnic Institutes have education programs that last for 5.5 to 6 years. In spite of the existing variation, all students attained their respective Diplomas of Higher Education.
Most changes in polytechnic institutes happened after 1992. At present, numerous full-time programmes can grant bachelor’s degree to the student after undergoing formal education for four years while a Master’s Degree can be obtained after finishing formal education that lasts for six years. The Diploma of Higher Education is provided to a graduating student.
Advanced Degrees and Research…
Kandidat nauk or candidate of sciences is Ukraine’s earliest advanced academic degree. Applicants can only be admitted into the kandidat nauk if they had attained good or excellent grades when they finished the first tertiary-level degree and if they have passed the qualifying tests in their respective areas of specialization. The candidate of sciences is only provided for after accomplishing at least three years in guided research, completing a “Dissertatsiya” or Thesis, and publicly defending such thesis. The title specialist-researcher is awarded to any individual who has attained the kandidat degree.
The Highest Qualification Attestation Commission and a professional council in a particular area of specialisation confer the degree doctor of sciences or doktor nauk. The mentioned degree is the highest educational degree that the country can award any individual. The doktor nauk degree is comparable to the requirement of research publication that is necessary for promoting a faculty member in the US. The doctor of sciences degree cannot be awarded to a candidate who is forty years old or older. A major dissertation, which has substantial applied or fundamental scientific relevance, is necessary for getting awarded with the highest degree in Ukraine. The dissertation needs to be derived from an original study. Aside from this, the recipient must have already contributed ten to twenty publications in the field of science. After publishing the necessary dissertation, the paper must be submitted to members of Highest Qualification Attestation Commission and recognized experts in the applicant’s field of specialization. Secret balloting is conducted to determine whether or not the doctor of sciences degree gets awarded to the applicant. The Highest Qualification Attestation Commission needs to approve the outcome of the voting process. If the applicant’s dissertation and research are of very high quality, he or she can be quickly conferred with the doctor of sciences degree after being awarded kandidat nauk.